The "Cemí de la Tierra" or the Idol of Tobacco

The , due to its shape similar to a cigar. It is considered the most important piece of the Cuban aboriginal archaeology. It is 92 centimeters high, with a large and semi-cylindrical form.

It was carved on Guayacán Negro, a hard wood of a native tree from the south-eastern part of Cuba. It's said that the native pre-Hispanic inhabitants of the largest of the Antilles, used seashells from the eastern coasts of the archipielago to give form to the mouth, eyes, nose and other features of the piece representing one of their gods.

This sculpture –the most primitive preserved ion Cuba– was discovered by two farmers in the early 19th century in La Gran Piedra, a natural terrace to the sea located in Maisí, Guantánamo province, in the far eastern extreme of the country.

Cemí de la Gran Tierra. Idol of TobaccoThis relict is exhibited at Doctor Luis Montané Anthropology Museum, in the University of Havana. It represents the god of a Cuban aboriginal group named Taínos. The image of this deity was also found in some engravements of stone. The most spectacular of them was found by the American archeologist Mark Harrington, inside La Patana cave, also located in Maisí.

It was carved in a stalagmite of around a meter. In 1997, the government of Guantánamo approved after a public consultation to make The Cemí de la Gran Tierra the symbol of the province.

A small reproduction of the effigy is given annually to personalities who had made an outstanding contribution to the development of the eastern territory. Some of the personalities who had received the image are Fidel Castro and Raúl Castro, the aeronaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, and the ex-boxing star Félix Savón.