Tobacco Houses

If you are travelling by the western roads of Cuba, it will be difficult to avoid the picturesque construction of wood and palm trees leaves in the landscape. These are the tobacco houses, the place were the just harvested leaves are stored. The tobacco is also cured in that place.

It location is not fortuitous: in order to not having the sun warming excessively the frontal and rear part of the tobacco house, they should be placed from East to West.

The quality and productivity of the harvest depends on the cares in this process. If the leaf get damaged during its transportation from the countryside to the tobacco house, or if it does not accomplishes the standards at the moment of needling, the results won't be the expected.

The cure or drying of the leaf is the first phase in the benefit of the tobacco. In this phase is when the green leaf acquires a yellowish- brown color with light-dark tones.

Tobacco Houses The leaves are needled in pairs and they are attached to wood bars called cujes. In a cuje could be attached up to 50 pairs of leaves.

The released is an essential moment in this agricultural process. It consists in cutting the threat used to attach the leaves (from 35 to 60 days after). They are put out in pairs, trying to keep them even, then they are fastened in the middle, flatten and put in a basket.

In the selection the leaves go to the despalillo (taking the veins and petiole off) and classification. The leaves for the final wrapper are spread with water, the inner leaves or capote are taken the nerves off and classified according to the size, texture and sort of leaf.

Finally, they are stored in jute fabric bales and divided in parts by leaves of palm trees (yaguas).The bales and divisions have the specification about the kind of tobacco, the weight, the name of the farm and the producer.